- •Language is a stratification factor: Spanish-preferred Hispanics present the worst dental visits and oral health status, and the poorest SES. English-preferred Hispanics present better oral health than Non-Hispanic blacks, but worse than Non-Hispanic Whites.
- •Non-Citizenship indicates irregular dentist visits among Spanish-preferred Hispanics and Non-Hispanic Blacks, but not significant for English-preferred Hispanics.
- •Foreign-born English-preferred Hispanics present better dentist visits and self-rated oral health. Foreign-born Non-Hispanic Blacks present better oral health outcomes.