Dental caries is the most prevalent infectious disease among US children. National surveys have shown that poor and minority-group children are not only disproportionately affected by dental caries but also have limited access to oral health care. Following successful exploratory applications of both synchronous and asynchronous models at the Eastman Institute for Oral Health, teledentistry has been demonstrated to be a practical and cost-effective way to improve oral health care for rural and disadvantaged children. These models support the role of teledentistry in reducing the costs of and barriers to accessing oral health care, improving oral health outcomes, increasing use of oral health care resources, and leading to the establishment of a dental home for underserved children. The advancement of teledentistry underscores the need for its integration with local, regional, and national telehealth programs and the role of policy makers in establishing a balanced framework for teledentistry within the overarching health care system.